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Urinary Incontinence


What is Urinary Incontinence?

Urinary incontinence is when a woman is unable to control the flow of urine from her bladder and it results in accidental or involuntary leakage of urine. 

There is a common belief that incontinence is a normal part of aging but this is INCORRECT. It is a medical condition that can be treated and we recommend you seeing your doctor for advice.

There are 2 main types of incontinence:

  >  STRESS Incontinence     (click for more info)

      - usually small volume leaking with coughing, sneezing, jumping and specific movements, etc

  > URGENCY Incontinence     (click for more info)

     This is part of a condition called Overactive Bladder Syndrome where you get leaking after an urgent feeling of needing to urinate and you are not able to get to the toilet in time.


Stress Incontinence


Stress urinary incontinence is when an increase in the pressure applied to the abdomen (eg. during lifting, coughing, sneezing, standing, laughing) is stronger then the pelvic floor muscles and ligaments that hold the urethra (tube of the bladder) closed.


Conservative Management

This includes management options that are not surgical. The benefits of conservative measurement is that they are less risky then surgery. 

  • Managing risk factors - the things that increase your abdominal pressure (eg. weight loss, controlling your cough, quit smoking)

  • Pelvic floor muscle exercises (PFE) - we recommend this happens with an appointment with a womens health physio to start with to ensure the exercises you are doing are correct and then you are not causing harm instead of good. There are also some online helpful video's which you can view below to get you started

  • Stress incontinence pessaries - these are devices that get inserted into your vagina and help support your urethra from inside. They are low risk and if they work can be a life changer.

Surgical Management

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urethral bulking agents




Pelvic Floor Exercises

Pelvic Floor Physical Therapist Michelle Kenway explains pelvic floor exercises simply.


Overactive Bladder - Urge Incontinence


Vulval Disorders
Patient Information Sheets

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Each sheet reflects information available at the time of its preparation, but its currency should be determined having regard to other available information. the companies responsible for the production of this information disclaims all liability to users of the information provided.


International Society for the Study of Vulvovaginal Disease